Papillomas on the body: keep or remove?

Papillomas are areas of pathological growth of cells of the upper layer of the skin and mucous membranes. Over time, these benign neoplasms can become a source of the oncological process, so many patients are worried about how to get rid of papillomas. Let's figure out why papillomas appear on the body, how they are dangerous to health and whether they need to be removed.

The reasons for the appearance of papillomas

The reasons for the appearance of papillomas on the body are divided into main and indirect, acting as a trigger for the development of the disease.

papillomas on the back

The main cause of papillomas on the skin is infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV) from the Papillomavirus group. HPV is a generalized term that means a whole group of viral agents capable of infecting epidermal structures and mucous membranes, and in some cases even provoking cancer.

According to statistics, the prevalence of HPV on the planet is global - the virus is in the body of 90% of adults. Science knows 100 strains of the papilloma virus, but not each of them is dangerous - the characteristics, localization zones and the likelihood of developing cancer are different for each strain. The most dangerous are HPV 16, 18, 31, 33 and 35, which in 98% of cases cause cervical cancer in women.

HPV does not tolerate aggressive environmental factors, therefore it practically does not spread through the air. The main transmission route is contact. The maximum risk of infection arises from contact with the skin of a sick person.

The virus first of all penetrates into the basal layer of the epidermis (skin), where it dies down for several months. The incubation period can last up to several years. If the immunity is weak, then the disease will give symptoms within a month, and the average period for the onset of symptoms is 6 months.

The following reasons provoke the appearance of papillomas on the skin:

  • Decreased immunity - colds, injuries, chronic diseases, HIV, AIDS;
  • Microtrauma, scratches, open wounds on the patient's skin surface;
  • Hormonal imbalance, which can be associated with pregnancy, lactation, menopause, etc. ;
  • promiscuous sexual relations, oral sex with a carrier of the papilloma virus;
  • neuro-emotional stress, stress, physical or mental overwork;
  • bad habits, malnutrition;
  • endometriosis.

Papilloma symptoms

Most oftenpapilloma virusin women and men it does not manifest itself at all, its diagnosis is possible only through a special analysis. Vivid signs of infection are observed in only a small number of infected people, and even those often disappear after a short time.

For a long time, the patient does not even suspect that he has become a carrier of an infection that is infectious to others. The main symptom of infection - a skin neoplasm of papilloma - manifests itself already when the virus is in full control in the body. In this case, papilloma can grow on any part of the body - on the skin and mucous membranes.

There are a huge number of photos on the Internet where you can clearly see what a papilloma and its colony look like. This is a skin growth in the form of a dome-shaped seal or a papule on a thin stem. The papule may also have a thickened base. The color of the papilloma is also ambiguous - someone has a pale pink "wart", and someone has a dark brown growth. Some strains of papillomavirus form whole colonies of neoplasms, which gradually merge into one unpleasant, multi-headed wart resembling cauliflower.

Variety of papillomas: 7 main types

Scientists know more than 100 types of HPV, but the most common are 10 types of papillomas:

  • Plantar papillomas.Causes papilloma on the leg - papillomavirus types 1, 2, 4. Plantar papillomas look like growths on the soles of the foot. Plantar warts can be single or multiple. Over time, the person who started the disease becomes painful to walk. Often, plantar papilloma is confused with a callus and does not go to the doctor, while the infection in the meantime affects new areas of the skin.
  • Vulgar papillomas.These are oval keratinous seals with a yellowish tinge, usually appear on the hands of adults. In children, such neoplasms can be found on the knees.
  • Flat papillomas.The result of the activation of HPV 3, 10 types. The growths look like flat, smooth bumps.
  • Lewandowski-Lutz papillomas.The second name is warty epidermodysplasia. The infection leads to the formation of many mottled, multi-colored warts on the hands and feet.
  • Filiform papillomas.Formed in older people. Warts look like yellowish bumps. Placed on the eyelids, groins, armpits, neck. Filamentous papilloma injured by clothing or as a result of scratching requires urgent treatment, otherwise inflammation and complications cannot be avoided.
  • Juvenile papillomas.Associated with infection with papilloma virus 6, 11 types. Formed in the larynx. As a result, breathing becomes difficult and speech deteriorates. The virus spreads during childbirth, passing on to the newborn from the mother.
  • Genital warts. . . The appearance of genital warts is the main manifestation of the infection, the source of which was the human papillomavirus. Visually, genital warts look like ordinary warts, they can be small (up to a centimeter), have a flesh or pinkish color, a slightly bumpy or absolutely smooth surface. The most common place for the formation of genital warts is the external genitalia. In men, these education data appear on the scrotum, penis. In women - on the large and small labia, on the cervix, near the clitoris, in the vagina. If warts are irritated, itching, bleeding is likely during sexual intercourse. Such papillomas transform into cancerous tumors.

Complex conditions are a consequence of untreated papillomas

  • Local epithelial hyperplasia.Consequence of infection with papillomavirus 13, 32 types. The affected area looks like a rash of papillary neoplasms on the tongue and along the edges of the lips. Papillomas can merge with each other, forming a well-visible area.
  • Precancerous conditions and cancer- Many forms of the human papillomavirus cause the development of neoplasms prone to malignant transformation. It is in this connection that early diagnosis and detection of papillomavirus makes it possible to detect and remove oncological tumors of the cervix and other organs at the early stages of their development.

How dangerous are papillomas on the body: why they need to be removed

Papillomas are harmless only in appearance. These neoplasms, in the absence of timely adequate treatment, quickly spread throughout the body to healthy tissues. This process is called autoinactivation. The result of the multiplication of neoplasms is at least multiple wartiness.

Of course warts -papillomas on the body- this is very ugly, but this is not the only problem. A good dermatologist will tell you why papillomas on the body are dangerous - such neoplasms are susceptible to melingization - a malignant degeneration of a tumor. How quickly the process will proceed and whether it will begin at all depends on the location of the papilloma and the type of HPV. Genital warts growing on the cervix are especially dangerous. The transformation of such formations into cancer occurs in every second case.

The structures that form on the skin as a result of the papillomavirus infection are usually not accompanied by soreness, itching or burning, which often causes neglect on the part of the patient. But since papillomas almost always come into contact with clothing, there is a high risk of damage. The result will be heavy bleeding, infection, and ugly scars on the skin. From all this follows the answer to the question of whether it is necessary to remove papillomas on the body - of course it is!

Obsolete and modern methods of removing papillomas on the body

It is impossible to get rid of papillomas at home without consequences. The procedure is performed by a dermatologist, and in the case of a precancerous condition, by an oncologist. Before this, the patient must pass tests, including:

  • a blood test for tumor markers;
  • PCR diagnostics;
  • taking papilloma tissue for histological examination.

In our country, several methods are used to remove papillomas on the body. To understand which method to choose, let's take a look at the table.

Method

How is

Benefits

disadvantages

Surgery

A radical and very traumatic method of removing papillomas

Large lesions can be cut

Injury. Risk of infection and bleeding. Well visible scars remain forever.

Cryodestruction

Removal of papillomas with liquid nitrogen

Doesn't require strong pain relief as the cold freezes

The likelihood of injury to healthy tissue. Inability to control the depth of the impact. A scar remains.

Electrocoagulation

Destruction of a neoplasm with an electrical impulse. It is rarely used in medical centers where there is no new equipment.

Cheap technique

Moxibustion is an unpleasant procedure. Scarring is possible. Requires strong pain relief

Removal of papillomas with a laser

Destruction of the build-up with a directed laser beam

There is no need for preparation, no rehabilitation required - the wound heals immediately. Lack of scars and scars. The procedure takes only a few minutes. The laser activates skin regeneration, ensuring quick healing.

The cost of laser papilloma removal is higher than the cost of previous methods.

Removal of papillomas with a radio knife

The safest and most painless way to remove papillomas from the body.

No preparation needed. Rehabilitation is also not needed. The radio knife is equipped with a coagulator, which immediately stops bleeding by sealing the damaged vessels. After removal of papillomas with a radio knife, no scars remain, therefore the procedure is prescribed to get rid of neoplasms on the face and in the intimate parts of the body. Radio emission activates skin regeneration, so the wound heals instantly.

The cost of removing papillomas by radio wave technique is slightly higher than laser removal.

Can the removal of papillomas be considered a treatment for HPV?

Unfortunately no. By removing papillomas, a dermatologist only eliminates the manifestations of papillomavirus, which can degenerate into cancer. The virus itself remains in the body. To date, there are no specific drugs that can cope with the human papillomavirus, and therefore the main therapy is aimed at mechanical elimination of neoplasms caused by the virus.

The infection is stopped with antiviral agents, which will be effective with strong immunity. Therefore, immunotherapy is carried out in parallel. While the virus lives in the body, it will not be possible to cure the papilloma forever.

How much does it cost to remove a papilloma?

The cost of removing papillomas depends on the extent of the lesion. The price is indicated for a low-traumatic operation performed by the radio wave method using a new knife with a coagulation effect.

Which doctor treats papillomas and where is it better to remove papillomas on the body?

Many patients are interested in which doctor treats papillomas. This is done by specialists - dermatologists, gynecologists, urologists and oncologists. It all depends on the location of the neoplasm.

The clinic's specialists conduct an initial examination and confirm the diagnosis. Then papillomas are removed with a laser and a radio knife, using the latest devices. Having applied to our medical center, the patient receives a detailed consultation, can pass all tests, including oncology. Removal of papillomas is carried out without pain and complications.